Ukulele String Notes, Names, and Numbers

Confused about ukulele string notes, names, and numbers?

This article will answer two simple questions:

  1. What are the ukulele string notes and names?
  2. What are the ukulele string numbers and order of the strings?

Ukulele String Notes & Names

The standard string notes for soprano, concert, and tenor ukuleles are G-C-E-A. 

Ukulele string notes diagram

A few pointers that might be helpful when working with ukulele string names:

  • When you’re holding your uke like you’re playing it, the G string will be the one closest to the ceiling. The A string will be the one closest to the floor
  • The diagram above shows standard high-G (reentrant) tuning. The notes will be the same for low-G tuning, but the G string will be lower in pitch than the C string
  • The fattest string is the C-string unless you are using low-G tuning
  • For left-handed players, the order of the string notes is reversed
  • Baritone ukuleles have a different tuning, which is D-G-B-E

Ukulele String Numbers & Order

The strings on a ukulele are numbered 4-3-2-1.

Ukulele string numbers diagram
  • If you’re holding the ukulele like you’re playing it, string 4 is closest to the ceiling, and string 1 is closest to the floor
  • The string order of 4-3-2-1 corresponds to the string notes G-C-E-A

Why use ukulele string numbers instead of note names?

There are a couple of reasons I can think of for using string numbers instead of notes when referring to ukulele strings.

However, I don’t think there are hard and fast rules about when to use string note names and when to use string numbers. It will often depend on the situation and the player, so it’s a good idea to get comfortable with both methods.

String notes change when playing chords

While playing chords, the notes of the strings change. This can lead to confusion when trying to refer to individual strings using note names.

Ukulele B minor chord diagram

Imagine you’re in a lesson and are playing a basic B minor chord:If your instructor said your B note was buzzing, what exactly do they mean? This voicing of the B minor chord can have two B notes, so it’s not clear which B your instructor means in this context.

Using string numbers helps eliminates this kind of confusion. It’s also easier to call out a string number instead of trying to figure out the note being played on a given string.

Alternate tunings

Some people use alternate tunings for their ukulele, which obviously makes standard string names less useful.

For example, some players like to tune soprano ukes to A-D-F-B ( a whole step higher than standard tuning) for a more traditional Hawaiian sound. In this scenario, using ukulele string numbers clearly makes more sense.